China’s Belt and Road Initiative: A Curse or Blessing for African Countries

Abstract The Chinese- sponsored Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an ambitious strategic program aimed at the development of infrastructure platforms connecting China with the rest of the world. The initial plan was announced by the Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013 as an economic initiative to revitalize some of the medieval overland trading routes […]

Christianity, Capitalism and the Global Economic Order

ABSTRACT Historians have established that Christianity has played a significant role in the history of globalization. The relevance of Christianity in the global economic order has been a subject of criticism because of its overarching influence in contemporary international economic order—reflecting a general orientation toward regulated market capitalism—a cause significantly arising from Christian theological, moral, […]

Vaccine Hesitancy in the post-COVID-19 era: An interdisciplinary approach for a Trust-and-Risk paradigm with governmental and intergovernmental implications

ABSTRACT Vaccine hesitancy was described as a major global health challenge by the World Health Organization before the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic (Ten Health Issues WHO Will Tackle This Year, 2019). During the COVID-19 pandemic, the introduction of several new vaccines (notably Pfizer, Moderna, J&J) and with them new vaccine technologies (mRNA) under emergency […]

Climate Change and Ghana’s Foreign Policy: Redefining the role of Ghana’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration in Climate Diplomacy

Abstract This paper explores the role of foreign policy in fostering a more effective national response to the challenges of climate change and how the Foreign Affairs Ministry can enhance Ghana’s engagement in global climate diplomacy. It concludes that climate change has become a foreign policy issue, sharing central features with other major foreign policy […]

Free Trade and Global Inequality: Why the World Trade Organization and the International Monetary Fund Continue to Advocate for Free and Unfettered Trade?

ABSTRACT This paper looks at why free trade is encouraged by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) despite causing so much poverty and inequality globally. Using published research, it argues that free trade has increased poverty and inequality globally through job outsourcing, degradation of natural resources, and poor working conditions. […]


ABSTRACT Since the partition of India in 1947, the East Pakistanis felt the forces in West Pakistan were destabilizing their values. The economic, political, social, cultural, ideological, linguistic, and educational conflict between East and West Pakistan became glaringly evident. The beginning of the Liberation War of Bangladesh (“1971 War”) was on the midnight of 25 […]

Islamic Law: Economics, Property & Taxation

ABSTRACT Kerala, the most literate State in India, has advanced in social, technological, health, economic, and educational fields. Schools and colleges in Kerala have taken the global problem of climate change as an urgent matter of importance. Creating Islamic finance and economics saw resurgence within the last four decades. Islamic finance has emerged as a […]