Africa’s Elusive Development Experience: A Critical Analysis of Inhibiting Factors

ABSTRACT This paper looks at the inhibiting factors to development in Africa. It argues that there are numerous factors inhibiting development in Africa, and these can be either exogenous, because of external pressures or endogenous, because of internal deficiencies; or even both simultaneously. However, it focuses on the endogenous factors while acknowledging the significance of […]

United Nations Engagement with Civil Society Organizations in Mali: Assessment and Policy Recommendation in Light of Three Critical Sustainable Development Goals

Abstract Given its current Least Developed Country (LDC) and fragile state status, the contribution of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) is critical for Mali to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), SDG 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages), and SDG 16 (Promote peaceful […]

AfCFTA—An Opportunity in the Light of many Hurdles: The Case of Ecowas

ABSTRACT The African Continental Free Trade Area—AfCFTA agreement will create a major free trade area (FTA) in the world, connecting 1.3 billion people across 55 countries with a collective gross domestic product (GDP) valued at US$3.4 trillion. Thirty million people are expected to be lifted out of extreme poverty if significant policy reforms and trade […]

The Challenges in Regulating Wind Turbine Dismantling at the End of their Lifetime

ABSTRACT According to Recycle Magazine’s report, the wind energy sector currently uses nearly 2.5 million tons of composite materials. In Europe alone, we shall expect decommissioning of almost 12 000 wind turbines in the next five years.[1] The regulations regarding wind turbine dismantling vary with countries, but there is no international standard to date.[2] From […]

Talking to the Enemy: The Role of Celebrities in Highlighting Humanitarian Tragedies in Conflict Zones

ABSTRACT This article explores the involvement of celebrities in diplomatic environment as celebrity diplomats. Using George Clooney as an example, it argues that celebrity diplomats make essential contributions to international debates by publicizing campaigns, influencing public opinion, and intervening within diplomatic circles. It also notes that celebrity diplomacy reaches beyond traditional diplomacy because it is […]

Sexual Violence in Nepal: An Appeal to Scale-Up Restorative Justice

ABSTRACT Surging sexual violence is threatening Nepal’s women. Research illustrates that the country’s traditional justice system frequently fails to address survivors’ holistic needs due to corruption, insufficient state capacities, and by restricting its forces to punishing the responsible party. An approach that mainly focuses on penalty is just a quick-fix solution, neglecting risks for recurring […]

Ineffectiveness of Sanctions: A Case Study of Somalia

ABSTRACT Sanctions is a widely used concept in many states’ foreign policy yet lacks clarity of meaning under international law. Different sanctions have been imposed against Somalia since the 1990s. The first multilateral sanction was imposed by the UN on January 23, 1992. Most countries prefer multilateral sanctions despite their ineffectiveness due to a lack […]

Somaliland’s Foreign Policy Strategy: Exploring Plausible Options to Statehood Status

ABSTRACT Somaliland’s quest for statehood status is faced with adverse reactions from the sovereign states, leading to its limited interaction in the global affairs. This adverse reaction is due to the global society’s view on de facto states as unlawful entities, sources of perpetual conflict, irresponsible anomalies, and lawless ecosystems. A perception that throws de facto states at bay, almost indefinitely. A unique case to further explain this phenomenon […]

Energy Storage Technologies as a Critical Factor in Renewable Energy Transition: Designing and Assessing Local and Global Policies with Reference to North-Eastern United States

ABSTRACT Climate change is one of the most critical global challenges. Several states and countries have plans to construct 100% clean energy or 100% renewable energy systems by 2050 or sooner. Energy storage technologies are projected to address many challenges related to 100% clean and 100% renewable energy systems. Energy storage policies, incentives, supply chain, […]

The Importance of Ecosystem Accounting in the Policy Agenda of the SDGs

ABSTRACT This paper examines the Importance of Ecosystem Accounting in the policy agenda of the seventeen point Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through a comprehensive qualitative study of several archives, interviews, newspapers, and published reports and research papers on the subject—Natural Capital Accounting (NCA)— from 2015 through to 2021. The UN Sustainable Development Goals policy Agenda […]