Ineffectiveness of Sanctions: A Case Study of Somalia

ABSTRACT Sanctions is a widely used concept in many states’ foreign policy yet lacks clarity of meaning under international law. Different sanctions have been imposed against Somalia since the 1990s. The first multilateral sanction was imposed by the UN on January 23, 1992. Most countries prefer multilateral sanctions despite their ineffectiveness due to a lack […]

Somaliland’s Foreign Policy Strategy: Exploring Plausible Options to Statehood Status

ABSTRACT Somaliland’s quest for statehood status is faced with adverse reactions from the sovereign states, leading to its limited interaction in the global affairs. This adverse reaction is due to the global society’s view on de facto states as unlawful entities, sources of perpetual conflict, irresponsible anomalies, and lawless ecosystems. A perception that throws de facto states at bay, almost indefinitely. A unique case to further explain this phenomenon […]

Energy Storage Technologies as a Critical Factor in Renewable Energy Transition: Designing and Assessing Local and Global Policies with Reference to North-Eastern United States

ABSTRACT Climate change is one of the most critical global challenges. Several states and countries have plans to construct 100% clean energy or 100% renewable energy systems by 2050 or sooner. Energy storage technologies are projected to address many challenges related to 100% clean and 100% renewable energy systems. Energy storage policies, incentives, supply chain, […]

The Importance of Ecosystem Accounting in the Policy Agenda of the SDGs

ABSTRACT This paper examines the Importance of Ecosystem Accounting in the policy agenda of the seventeen point Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through a comprehensive qualitative study of several archives, interviews, newspapers, and published reports and research papers on the subject—Natural Capital Accounting (NCA)— from 2015 through to 2021. The UN Sustainable Development Goals policy Agenda […]

A Comparative View Of Mediation In Spain As Contrasted With Other European Countries: Moving From The Shadows Into The Spotlight

ABSTRACT Conflict resolution experts worldwide have wrestled with whether mediation is an alternative form of dispute resolution or the frontrunner. This dissertation negates the notion that mediation is an alternate form of dispute resolution and establishes that litigation is the alternative. For many years, litigation has been the preferred choice to resolve conflicts. The masses […]

Impact Of Diplomacy On India-China Standoff 2021

ABSTRACT Two years post 2020 will make a mark in the history books of all countries! The COVID-19 pandemic has changed global politics and most diplomatic relationships. The human race has learned basic lessons on climate change, and yet we seem far from resolutions. We have much work to do. Alongside, many countries have taken […]

The Impact Of Population Growth In West Africa: The Nigerian Outlook

1.     ABSTRACT The global population in recent times has rapidly increased despite several untoward situations and factors. However, population growth—as excessive and unsustainable—is only affecting specific areas. Countries like Japan, Latvia, Bulgaria, and Italy, and many others face a reverse situation. Following this, researchers have hypothesized that population size is a crucial factor in measuring […]

Is Good Governance An Oxymoron? The Lebanese Multifaceted Predicament

Abstract: This monograph treats the good governance dilemma from the crucial central bank and commercial banks’ management practices.  The case of the current economic, financial, and monetary collapse of Lebanon is the central point of the research. It referred to the management theory, the best practices, and the applicable international norms for central bank governance. […]